Casting repair, a work of patience.
Cast Iron has different types and only some have limited weldability while others are not weldable at all such as white cast iron. Using a correct approach, suitable welding technology, and correct welding electrode, a cast iron repair can be mastered.
In this post, a detailed step-by-step welding repair guideline for repairing a Gearbox casting is explained.
Steps to commence the cast iron repair:
- First of all, drill holes on both sides of the crack to arrest the crack. This will help to eliminate further propagation of the crack into the material.
- Clean the welding area & surrounding area from any paint, grease, or oil contamination.
- For welding, I prefer to use the “cold method, or also called cold welding” ENiFe-CI SMAW coated stick welding rods. These rods offer a dissimilar weld deposit with high ductility to withstand the high residual stresses arising in cast iron welding.
- Use very short runs of a maximum 30 mm length also called pilgrim welding, no preheat usually but if needed to remove moisture, preheat to a maximum of 110 Degree Celsius or 225 Degree Fahrenheit.
- Use hammer peening for residual stress relief after each run. This will help to avoid cracking in the weld.
- Follow a maximum of 100 Degree Celsius or 200 Degree Fahrenheit interpass temperature. Alternately, if the temperature measuring device is not available, wait until it’s cold to touch before welding the next run.
- The welding technique will be slow but going to be very fruitful to avoid any cracking in the weld or cast iron HAZ.
- Don’t forget to weld the drilled holes at the end of the welding.
Click here to learn various types of cast iron & their identification.