E7018M Welding Rod Properties, Specification, Amperage Chart, Polarity and Applications

E7018M Welding Rod is an improved version of E7018 welding electrode. ‘M’ represents stick welding rod to meet the USA military requirements for higher weld metal toughness, and minimal hydrogen content.

E7018M welding electrode is a low hydrogen, iron powder type electrode. It is used for all position, DC+ polarity welding of mild steel, low alloy and high strength steels.

The main advantage of E7018M welding electrode is its low hydrogen content and high weld deposition rate.

E7018M Welding Rod Specification and classification

E7018M welding rod specification is AWS A5.1. E7018M is the classification of this rod.

E7018M welding rod

E7018M Welding Electrode Chemical Composition

E7018M chemical compositions are given in the below table as required by AWS A5.1 specification. Remember, E7018M chemical compositions are different than the E7018 Rod.

E7018M Welding Rod Chemical Composition
C% Mn% Si% P% S% Ni% Cr% Mo% V%
 0.12  0.40- 1.60  0.80  0.030  0.020 0.25   0.15 0.35   0.05

E7018M contains lower carbon (0.12%) than E7018 (0.20) but higher manganese up to 1.6%) and higher silicon.

E7018M Welding Electrode Mechanical Properties

The E7018M has good mechanical properties, including high tensile strength, high impact toughness, and good ductility. It also has excellent weldability, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

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E7018M mechanical properties are listed below:

E7018M Welding Rod Mechanical Properties
Properties Value
 Tensile Strength, Ksi (MPa)  70 (490) minimum
 Yield Strength, Ksi (MPa)
 53- 72 (370- 500)
 % Elongation  24
 Toughness  50 ft·lbf at –20°F (67 J at –30°C)

E7018M Welding Electrode Polarity

E7018M welding rod polarity can be confusing for those new to welding. The E7018M welding rod is an electrode that can only be used with direct current, electrode positive (DCEP) or reverse polarity.

This means that the E7018M cannot be used with alternating current (AC).

Many welders believe that they can use any type of welding rod with any type of power supply, but this is not the case. The E7018M must be used with the correct power supply in order to work properly.

E7018M Welding Electrode Amperage Chart

E7018M vs E7018 Welding Rod

The main differences between E7018M and E7018 are:

  • E7018M has higher weld deposit toughness than E7018 Rod.
  • E7018M can only be used with DCEP polarity when E7018 can be used with AC and DCEP.
  • The cost of E7018M is higher than E7018.
  • Elongation of E7018 is higher than E7018.
  • E7018M coating is low hydrogen iron powder while E7018 has added potassium in coating along with iron powder.

The main differences for E7018M vs E7018 Welding Rod are listed in the below table.

E7018M vs E7018
Properties E7018M E7018
 Tensile Strength, Ksi (MPa)  70 (490) minimum  70 (490) minimum
 Yield Strength, Ksi (MPa)
70 (490) minimum
 70 (490) minimum
 % Elongation  24  22
 Toughness  50 ft·lbf at –20°F (67 J at –30°C)  20 ft·lbf at –20°F (27 J at –30°C)
 Welding Polarity  DCEP only  AC & DCEP
 Coating type  Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder  Low-hydrogen iron powder
 Carbon content  0.12% maximum 0.15% maximum 
 Manganese content  1.60% maximum  0.40- 1.60
 Silicon content  0.75% maximum  0.80% maximum
 Cost  High  Low

E7018M Welding Electrode uses

E7018M is a low hydrogen, iron powder electrode that is used for welding in all positions. It can be used on DCEP power sources to give best welding properties.

E7018M is suitable for welding of mild and low alloy steels, and can also be used on high strength steels. This electrode produces a smooth, stable arc with minimal spatter.

E7018 gives smooth welding arc, low welding spatters and medium welding penetration.

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