Tips for buying a Welding Machine for home use


Welding at home

Are you planning to buy a welder for your personal use at home? Nowadays, with a number of steel furniture, handrails, garden grill, and other metal parts; the need for small and easy-to-use welding machines is increasing. A number of people are buying small welders to fulfill their hobbies too. These handy machines are used for artwork, making metal sculptures, and small repairs at home.

The question for many novices is how to choose the best welding machine for home use?

A wrong selection means loss of your investment and efforts as well as it can erase your welding interest. I have summarized the most important tips to guide you for your first or next purchase of the best home-use welding machine.

Tips for buying best welder machine for personal use

Well, when you buying your first welder you will be definitely looking for the:

  1. Cost effective
  2. Portable and light weight & compact
  3. Easy to use, a synergic power source
  4. Single phase input supply allowing easy connection at home.

In details:

1. Easy to use:

The welder shall be easy to operate. It shall be easy to adjust as per the welding need, e.g. welding on thin materials, overhead position, or in the open area . The best type is the synergic type.

2. Connect to Household electricity supply

It shall be easily connected to the available power supply at the house. For example, the available single-phase supply at the home that is generally up to 240 Volts only. It shall also provide adequate electrical safety.

3. Different welding processes

The best home use is SMAW-type welding as you don’t need to buy any gas bottle for shielding. Although, there are home welder machines that offer TIG and MIG or Stick and TIG welding processes in a single machine too. You must conduct market research and buy a home welder machine that is a multi-process welder machine.

4. Easy to carry around

A good home use welding machine shall be having a low weight that makes it very portable.

5. Weld control

The home welder machines have wire-speed control in case of MIG or FCAW power supply & give higher output and are easy to weld. good control of weld parameters provides the best results during any welding.

6. economical priced

Being used only for small jobs, home welder shall be economical price. Before making a purchase, find the available machines in the market online or offline. Make a comparison and then decide.

Should I purchase Stick or TIG or MIG Welder?

Buying a SMAW, TIG or MIG or FCAW welder depends on many factors. You can decide your need based on:

  1. Type of work. E.g. only small tack welds then you can go for SMAW welder. For art work, you need to buy a TIG welder as TIG offer clean welds, better control on weld pool.
  2. Cost: SMAW welder are cheaper compare to TIG and MIG.
  3. MIG welding machines require additional gas shielding as stated eariler. Usually, a mxiture of argon and CO2 or pure CO2 is used for shielding purposes.Click here to find which shielding gas suits which welding process. The gas removes the slag from the workpiece that should be chipped off from the weld. So you need to buy additional gas cylinder. Same apply with TIG.
  4. SMAW power source are very portable compare to TIG and MIG as you dont need any shielding gas bottles.

Comparison of SMAW (Stick), TIG, MIG & FCAW

The table below summarizes the comparison of the various welding processes. Consider these factors when deciding which process might be best for your general needs.

GMAW Welding (MIG/ MAG) is easy to weld, has high welding speed, and has good control for thin sheets welding. It produce no slag, but require additional gas shielding to protect the weld puddle.TIG ot GTAW Welding offers highly clean welds, very good control on weld puddle,s and low heat input for the welding making it the best welding for expensive materials.
 Flux-Cored Welding is a type of MIG welding but here you can weld with or without gas shielding. It can be used on rusty materials as well as out-of-position welds. Stick Welding is very portable and can be easily used in windy conditions where another welding process such as TIG and MIG is not suitable. SMAW does not require any additional shielding gas.

Material & welding machine type

Below table summarizes the various material and associated welding process that can be used for those materials:

Click here to learn How to weld these materials.

Material
Weld Process

MIGStickTIG
SteelXXX
Stainless SteelXXX
Aluminum AlloysX
X
Cast Iron
X
Chromoly

X
Copper

X
Brass

X
Exotic Metals (Magnesium, Titanium, etc.)

X

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